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One-Pot Pyrolysis Method to Fabricate Carbon Nanotube Supported Ni Single-Atom Catalysts with Ultrahigh Loading.

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  • Release time:2022-02-22

  • DOI number:10.1021/acsaem.8b00903

  • Journal:ACS Applied Energy Materials

  • Abstract:The practical application of single atom catalysts (SACs) is constrained by the low achievable loading of single metal atoms. Here, nickel SACs stabilized on a nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube structure (NiSA-N-CNT) with uldrahigh Ni atomic loading up to 20.3 wt% have been successfully synthesized using a new one-pot pyrolysis method employing Ni acetylacetonate (Ni(acac)2) and dicyandiamide (DCD) as precursors. The yield and formation of NiSA-N-CNT depends strongly on the Ni(acac)2/DCD ratio and annealing temperature. Pyrolysis at 350 and 650 oC led to the formation of Ni single atom dispersed melem and graphitic carbon nitride (Ni-melem and Ni-g-C3N4). Transition from a stacked and layered Ni-g-C3N4 structure to a bamboo-shaped tubular NiSA-N-CNT structure most likely occurs via a solid-to-solid curling or rolling-up mechanism, thermally activated at temperatures of 700-900 oC. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments and simulations show that Ni single atoms are stabilized in the N-CNT structure through nitrogen coordination, forming a structure with four nearest N coordination shell surrounded by two carbon shells, Ni-N4. The NiSA-N-CNT catalysts show an excellent activity and selectivity for the electrochemical reduction of CO2, achieving a turnover frequency (TOF) of 11.7 s-1 at -0.55 V (vs. RHE), but a low activity for the O2 reduction and O2 evolution reactions, as compared to Ni nanoparticles supported on N-CNTs.

  • Indexed by:Journal paper

  • Volume:1

  • Page Number:5286-5297

  • Translation or Not:no

  • Date of Publication:2018-09-19


  • Zip Code:410083

  • Postal Address:理学楼417

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  • Email:yi.cheng@csu.edu.cn

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