中文

Enhancing CO(2)reduction by suppressing hydrogen evolution with polytetrafluoroethylene protected copper nanoneedles

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  • Release time:2021-02-28

  • Impact Factor:11.301

  • DOI number:10.1039/d0ta03645e

  • Journal:JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A

  • Key Words:GAS-DIFFUSION ELECTRODES; ELECTROCHEMICAL REDUCTION; CO2 REDUCTION; FORMATE; CONVERSION

  • Abstract:With the fast development of society and industry, atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased seriously, becoming a threat to the world's climate. Electrochemical transformation of CO(2)into fuels and chemicals using copper (Cu)-based materials has attracted enormous attention. However, the competitive hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) heavily influences their efficiency. Thus, it is urgent to promote the CO(2)reduction reaction (CO2RR) and suppress the competitive HER. In this work, enhanced CO2RR with suppressed HER was achieved on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coated Cu nanoneedles (CuNNs). The concentration of surface adsorbed CO(2)could be enhancedviathe field-induced reagent concentration (FIRC) effect through the CuNN structures. The hydrophobic PTFE can prevent the supply of protons to CuNNs and thus suppress the HER. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) revealed that the PTFE coated CuNNs maintained the nanoneedle structures and metallic Cu state during the catalytic reaction process. As a result, highly suppressed HER coupled with high C(2)selectivity can be achieved on these PTFE coated CuNNs with a Faraday efficiency (FE) of 47% toward C(2)products and an ultralow FE of 5.9% toward H(2)at -1.49 Vvs.RHE (without IR correction). This work provides an effective strategy to promote the CO2RR and suppress the competitive HER.

  • Indexed by:Journal paper

  • Volume:8

  • Page Number:15936-15941

  • Translation or Not:no

  • Date of Publication:2020-08-21

  • Included Journals:SCI


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